Additional context on the proposed actions
1. Deposit USDC on Compound v3
Compound v3 is a streamlined protocol version emphasising security, capital efficiency, and user experience. As per CIP-3, the protocol has been incentivising the migration of USDC depositors from v2 to v3 by gradually reducing rewards. This process follows a multi-phased plan, with Phase 2 recently executed after a successful vote. Consequently, the overall APR is expected to favour v3 over v2. The v3 version has been audited by OpenZeppelin and ChainSecurity. As of the day of this writing, there is an equivalent of $213M USDC deposited on the latest version of the protocol, and the APR is 3%.
It is worth noting that DAI has not been included in Compound v3 (nor a decision on whether to include it or not has been made yet). Hence the migration possibility only involves USDC holdings, given that it’s the only base asset in the initial deployment. If this changes in the future, a new update request to migrate DAI funds might be made.
2. Deposit DAI on AAVE v3
This strategy offers a possibility to diversify the exposure of DAI holdings to the newest version of one of the largest decentralised money markets. AAVE v3 was officially deployed on mainnet in January 2023 after being live across six networks since March 2022. The new version brings some exciting features that enhance capital efficiency while increasing decentralisation. It also offers new risk management tools that provide additional security and stability. Safety is at the heart of Aave’s operations, as evidenced by the comprehensive audits of its v3 platform conducted by reputable firms such as Trail of Bits, ABDK, Peckshield, OpenZeppelin, SigmaPrime, and formal verification by Certora.
As of the day of this writing, the total DAI supplied on AAVE v3 is $32.4M, and the expected APY is 2.29%.
3. Deposit USDC on AAVE v3
Same logic as above but for USDC. As of the day of this writing, the total USDC supplied on AAVE v3 is $213.3M, and the expected APY is 2.54%.
4. Deposit DAI on MakerDAO’s DSR
MakerDAO, the creators of DAI, holds a prominent position among the leading and highly regarded DAOs in the DeFi industry. In light of the recent announcement to raise the DSR from its current rate of 1% to 3.49%, it is logical to consider including this strategy in our whitelisting request. By diversifying the Endowment’s stablecoin allocation and capitalising on the higher yield offered by one of the most battle-tested protocols, we can optimise our investment approach. We firmly believe that this rate increase has the potential to benefit the entire industry through enhanced composability possibilities (see our recent post). However, it may require some time to fully materialise. Moreover, opting for a risk-averse strategy of accruing yield directly from the source aligns perfectly with our Endowment’s long-term goals.
5. Deposit wstETH - ETH on Balancer
This action was not whitelisted during the preset setup because this position can be directly created on Aura. “Deposit and Stake wstETH - ETH” on Aura is one of the original strategies approved by the DAO. Nonetheless, to count on additional flexibility in case of pool imbalances, it is desirable to have the option to deposit the underlying assets on Balancer to later stake the BPT (Balancer Pool Token) on Aura. It should be noted that this isn’t a new strategy, given that the requested change only affects the way the BPT is created.
6. Stake ETH - stETH on Convex
This is also a subtle change to an existing strategy, which is Deposit and Stake ETH-stETH on Curve. Instead of staking the LP token on Curve, the Endowment could take advantage of Convex by staking a portion of the existing balance to earn boosted rewards. Although introducing an additional protocol naturally increases the strategy’s risk, Convex is considered a blue chip in the market and has been battle-tested through different market situations. Having launched in May 2021, Convex is the leading yield aggregator protocol with a global TVL of $3B, as of the day of this writing. With regard to the ETH-stETH pool, the TVL is $405.5M, making it the 2nd largest pool in the protocol.
7. Deposit and stake rETH - WETH on Balancer
To diversify the ETH-denominated holdings and provide an alternative option for staking ETH, we propose the inclusion of RocketPool in the whitelist. This would involve staking ETH on RocketPool, providing liquidity to the rETH-WETH pool, and staking the resulting BPT on Balancer. While we await the launch and testing of Stakewise v3, this solution aligns with the proposed objective.
Presently, RocketPool holds the 3rd position in the liquid staking market, with approximately 698,000 ETH staked on the protocol, accounting for about 7.2% of the total liquid staking market. In terms of market share, Rocket Pool’s rETH is surpassed only by Lido’s stETH with 76% and Coinbase’s cbETH with 11%.
While the liquidity for swapping rETH to ETH on the main DEXes may be slightly lower than the leading alternative, the allocated amount from the Endowment should experience minimal slippage during a swap. For instance, DeFi Llama reports that swapping ~5,000 rETH for ETH would result in less than 0.1% slippage.
Moreover, the recent Shapella upgrade has made withdrawals possible, although daily limits apply to the amount of ETH that can be withdrawn.
As of the current writing, the aforementioned Balancer pool has a TVL of $89M, providing an APR of 3.44%.
8. Stake rETH - WETH on Aura
This is a variation of the previous strategy and involves staking the LP token on Aura instead of Balancer to maximise rewards. TVL: $41.7M. The expected vAPR is 6.48%.
9. Deposit and Stake Compound USDC DAI on Curve
This is a different flavour of an existing strategy to park the Endowment’s stablecoins. It touches upon protocols and products that are already being used by the Endowment, such as cUSDC and cDAI (tokens received in exchange for supplying the underlying assets on Compound v2). The difference is that the stablecoins provide liquidity to a pool on Curve that might offer higher rewards on a similar position of the risk curve. The resulting LP token can be staked on Curve (this action) or Convex (next action). The TVL of this pool, as of the day of this writing, is $6.4M, with more than 72% ($4.6M) staked on Convex. The overall expected vAPY (base + rewards) is 2.92%.
10. Stake Compound USDC DAI on Convex
This is a variation of the previous strategy and involves staking the LP token (cDAI + cUSDC) on Convex instead of Curve to maximise rewards. TVL: $4.6M and expected vAPR is 4.21%.
11. Deposit and stake Balancer Boosted Aave V3 USD on Balancer
This strategy touches upon one of the most exciting products developed by Aave and bootstrapped by Balancer, being a clear proof of the power of composability. Boosted Pools allow high capital efficiency by storing most of their liquidity on external protocols such as Aave as yield-bearing versions of common tokens. Given the past success of Balancer boosted pools on Aave V2, it was a natural next step to see this capability developed on Aave V3. Balancer Boosted Aave v3 USD was recently launched and is expected to be one of the leading possibilities to accrue yield from stablecoins. As of the day of this writing, the TVL of this pool is $25.77M, whereas the expected APR is 2.97%.
It is important to consider that this position introduces exposure to USDT, which is currently not included in the Endowment. However, this strategy presents an opportunity to diversify both the protocol and asset exposure. If we were to allocate 20% of the existing stablecoin portfolio ($12.83M as per the latest report) to USDT, the total exposure would amount to $898k. This calculation assumes that bb-a-USDT represents ~35% of the composable stable pool at the time of writing, equivalent to ~3% of the total Endowment. In a worst-case scenario, such as USDT depegging, the exposure to USDT could increase significantly as the pool becomes imbalanced towards the troubled asset, potentially reaching the entire deposited amount if no action is taken.
12. Stake Balancer Boosted Aave V3 USD on Aura
This is a variation of the previous strategy and involves staking the BPT on Aura instead of Balancer to maximise rewards. TVL: $18.44M. vAPR: 5.28%.
13. Add swap route CVX - WETH on Curve
This request is related to actions 3 and 5 and asks permission to swap CVX (a reward token) to WETH on Curve, considering that it currently offers the largest liquidity for the pair. The other reward tokens (LDO and CRV) were already whitelisted as part of the Endowment initiation efforts.
14. Migrate wstETH-WETH position to a new gauge on Aura
According to AIP-29, Aura has undertaken the migration of numerous existing pools to new gauges as part of implementing a proactive security upgrade, as outlined in AIP-20. Consequently, the whitelisting of the new gauge is necessary to ensure the seamless and successful migration of the existing position.
15. Add swap route processor for Sushiswap’s concentrated liquidity (v3) pools
On May 15th, 2023, Sushiswap introduced its version of concentrated liquidity pools (v3). An update to the route processor becomes imperative to enable the Endowment to expand its token-swapping capabilities within this AMM.
16. Add swapping options on Cow Swap
Thanks to the efforts of the Gnosis Builders and the karpatkey tech team, Cow Swap can now be seamlessly integrated with the Zodiac Roles Modifier. This enhancement allows for the exclusive swapping of only those tokens that are included in the whitelisted strategies.